What does this say?

Making words with alpha blocks

 

WHAT DOES THIS SAY?

I remember how thrilled I was, as a parent, when my girls would point to a word and ask, “What does this say?” Once they had learned the alphabet and the sounds that the letters make, they were always asking me about new words. It was an exciting time because I knew that if they were asking, ”What does this say?”, they had begun to figure out that letter sounds could go together to make a word.

Recently, I asked myself “wouldn’t it be wonderful to have our young English learners do the same thing?” I knew that students love to play and be creative in their play. So, I tried an activity with my students, using wooden alphabet blocks. Once again, I felt the excitement of watching young children begin to understand that letters have sounds and that they can make words with letters. The students had so much fun experimenting with the letters and sounds, and they learned so much through this activity! Since it worked so well, I thought I would share the idea with you.

Once your students have learned 6 basic consonant sounds (B,P,D,T,C,G) and the short vowel sounds, this “What does it say?” activity is a great one to use.. It’s a perfect extension for Unit 8 of Let’s Go Level 1.

Put your students in pairs and give them a set of alphabet blocks. Be sure that each pair of students has all the letters that you have taught. Have your students arrange the letters into three-letter words that they know. As they put the letters in order, have them practice sounding out the words. It’s a good idea to have your students make a list of the words that they create so they can use those words again later in the activity.

Alpha blocks and word 'cat'

C + A + T = cat

B + E + D = bed

P + E + G = peg

Next have your students change the first letter of each word to make other three-letter words in the same word family. Be sure to limit the letters to just the 6 consonants and the 5 short vowel sounds, in the beginning. They will make words like the ones below:

0427151544aWord family blocks

C + A + T    (B + A + T)    (P + A + T)

C + A + P    (T + A + P)    (G + A + P)

B + E + D    (R+ E+ D)     (T + E + D)

B + U + G   (D + U + G)   (P + U + G)

Your students will probably create words that may be nonsense words in English, too. They might create a string of letters such as:

T + I + D (TID) or C + I + G (CIG).

Alpha blocks and nonsense word

That is ok! Remember your students are playing with the letters and their sounds, as they are becoming comfortable with the process of sounding out a series of letters. So, it is alright for them to create real and nonsense words and then try to sound them out. They are experimenting and figuring out how letters go together to make words. Part of that process includes making nonsense words and that is good! By doing this hands-on activity, your students will actually begin to figure out, by themselves, that certain combinations of letters spell English words and other combinations do not. It’s a fun way for them to begin to understand the spelling patterns in English!

Once your students have completed this activity, then you can talk about the new words they have created. You can help them understand what the words say and which words are not real English words. The more your students do this activity, the more comfortable they will become with the process of sounding out a series of letters to make words. This is a very important skill that will help them as they develop more reading skills, which are needed to do independent reading.

Other activities that you can do include matching the words to the pictures. Be sure to give the student the written word first and have them sound out the word. Then the student finds the matching picture card.

3-Letter Let's Go wordsStudent made word cards and picture cards

They can use the wooden block letters or they can make their own word cards for this matching activity. Also have them practice creating word family groups and then the students match them to picture cards.

Word family blocks and picture cards

I have done the “What does it say?” activity, and all the others, in one-on-one teaching sessions and also with a groups of students put into pairs. These activities have worked well in both situations, and have helped my students develop confidence in the skill of sounding out words in English. They love creating their own letter combinations and trying to sound them out to see if they make an actual word in English. So, I hope you will give these activities a try with your students!

Karen Frazier Tsai

About Karen Frazier Tsai

Karen Frazier Tsai earned a degree in Speech, with an emphasis on Speech Pathology and has a Masters degree in Linguistics. She has over 30 years’ experience working with English language learners in the USA and Taiwan, as an ESL/EFL teacher at various levels. She has also conducted teacher-training workshops in Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Japan, Korea, Mexico and the USA. In addition, she has been an advisor for international students of all ages and their families. She currently works with English Language Learners Alliance (ELLA) to help students of all ages, including moms, tots and preschoolers, develop their English skills and the confidence in using English in the community. http://www.ellalliance.org. She is also helping the Bellevue School District through Eastside Pathways, which is focusing on school readiness for all children. http://eastsidepathways.org. Karen is very interested in helping equip all ELT students with the language, confidence and other skills they need to be successful in an English language environment.

You may also like...

Leave a Reply